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Selçuk, Turkey - Library of Celsus in Ephesus

Selçuk, Turkey

The Library of Celsus dates to 117 AD and is an ancient Roman building in Ephesus, Anatolia, now part of Selçuk, Turkey. Celsus' son, Gaius Julius Aquila built the structure to honor the Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus. According to historian George Maxim Anossov, the library was “one of the most impressive buildings in the Roman Empire.” At its peak, the bulding was the 3rd largest library in the ancient world and could hold 12,000 scroll. It also served as a mausoleum for Celsus, whose remains are held in a marble sarcophagus beneath the library floor.

Celsus, who is buried in a crypt beneath the library in a decorated marble sarcophagus.[1][6] The Library of Celsus was the "third-largest library in the ancient world